Cardiac Heart Examine, Electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG), and Echocardiogram (ECHO, TTE) for Preemies

Cardiac means near, around, or the main heart and “cardiac” originates from the Greek word “cardio” meaning pertaining to one’s heart.

A “Cardiac Monitor” is really a special monitor specifically designed to count, display, and don’t forget the number of times the premature baby’s heart is beating as well as the baby’s breathing patterns. Every time a premature baby’s pulse rate drops below 100 bpm or raises more than 200 beats per minute a security alarm will sound alerting the care givers with the problem. The care givers can easily take notice of the premature baby’s breathing and heart constantly while the monitor monitors perhaps the smallest changes.

The cardiac monitor resembles a Television screen with leads and electrodes appearing out of the equipment and connecting on the premature baby. The leads look like cables or wires from the machine and fastening on the electrodes, and also the electrodes appear like patches mounted on your premature baby’s skin. The screen graphs the gathered information within a wave-graph form with the vertical height of the waves showing the volt strength of each and every beat, as well as the horizontal width from the waves showing some time passing between each beat.

One form of cardiac monitoring is definitely an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) which is utilized to detect problems of the heart such as skipped heartbeats, heart damage, vitamin, mineral & electrolyte imbalances, and general health conditions with the heart. The electrocardiogram takes information from an electrocardiograph monitoring the sufferer, constitutes a graphic interpretation in the information, and prints the information for easier reading and interpretation.



Another kind of cardiac monitoring is a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), an ultrasound with the heart. An echocardiogram (ECHO) takes images of the heart, and is also an excellent diagnostic tool for doctors to quickly assess many heart disease without invasive procedures. This machine monitors the center valves, strength of heart muscle contractions, cardiac tissue, blood circulation, and how quickly the blood is flowing over the heart.

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